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Taijutsu martial art that uses bare hands.
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Tanto Dori knife disarming technique.
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Aiki Jo martial art techniques practiced with a jō.
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Aiki Ken set of wooden Japanese sword techniques.
  • Aikido training

    AIKIDO training

    In the beginning, the aim of martial arts was to prepare a combatant to overcome his opponent at all costs, in other words, to survive a fight. Even though there was no assessment of judges, the winner was unmistakably known, and that was some kind of natural selection (for both the human species and the martial arts). As civilization developed, the cruel natural selection was replaced by no less cruel social selection. This change took its part in martial arts as well. Aikido is one of the youngest martial arts originated from Japan. As a way of self-defense it is exceptionally efficient against a single or a multitude of attackers – whether armed or unarmed. However, self-defense is just a minor part of this art. The way of practicing on trainings allows that, through miniature fights, initiative and advantage pass alternately from one practitioner to the other while respecting the basic principles of Aikido: non-resistance, moving off the line of attack, good distance, circular movement and harmony. Aikido is a martial art created at the end of social evolution, and, because of that, the aim of training is not a preparation for a fight, but a preparation for a better, healthier and harmonious life in today’s society. Much like other trainings, Aikido training consists of four connected wholes:

     

  • 1. Introduction

    The introductory part of Aikido training

    The purpose of this part of the training is a psychological preparation. It begins in the state of Seiza . After the bow – Rei – the traditional Japanese salutation which expresses honest respect and mutual gratitude of  both the master and the pupil, the breathing exercises – Kokyu  begin. The breathing exercises are performed by alternating inhale and exhale, followed by subtle motions of the arms. It is a well known fact that deep breathing brings calmness. It is so because deep breathing does not go along with a stressful state of mind, and, during the breathing exercises, our body adjusts its physiology according to the rhythm of inhaling and exhaling and it removes the neuromuscular tension gathered during the day. During the last breathing cycle, on the mark of the instructor, the position is changed toGasho  – translated as the gathering of the mind. The attention is completely directed at the forthcoming training and the hands in front of the face are to be understood as a physical obstacle to the thoughts that could violate our concentration. With this exercise, the introductory part of the training is over.

     

     

  • 2. Preparation

    The preparatory part of Aikido training

    In simple words – warming up, in complicated – Aiki Taiso. The purpose of this part of the training is to bring the physiological functions to the appropriate level in order to make the training as efficient as possible and bring the possibilities of injuries to a minimum. So, the pulse becomes faster, the temperature of the body rises, the ventilation of the lungs increases, and, through active stretching, the joints become more mobile. During this part of the training, alongside the basic shaping exercises are performed: Aikido movements – Tai Sabaki, blows – Atemi Waza and falls – Ukemi.

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  • 3. Main part

    The main part of Aikido training

    The title itself marks this as the most important part of the training, during which are taught and practiced many Aikido techniques and an even greater number of its variants, so it is impossible to explain each one of them in this text. Because of this, only the basic fields of Aikido will be noted: pinning techniques – Katame vazathrowing techniques – Nage vaza , staff practice – Aiki Jo sword practice – Aiki Ken , and knife defense – Tanto Dori . During advanced training is practiced a large number of variants of the basic techniques, defense against an attack from behind, techniques preformed while kneeling, counter techniques, and defense against several attackers in form of a free combat. Besides learning and practicing techniques, during this part of the training are performed exercises which improve speed, strength, stamina and flexibility, in other words, the abilities necessary to perform Aikido techniques well.

  • 4. Final part

    The final part of Aikido training

    This part of the training has the goal to physiologically and psychologically “take us out” of the training. The training must not end suddenly, because it is needed to start the process of recovery with less intense exercises, breathing and stretching exercises. After a short analysis and answers to any training-related questions, the training ends as it begins – in the state of Seiza.

    There was a painter called Hans Monling who never signed any of his paintings. He would just write “My best work”. I believe it is the same with Aikido. Try to do the best – not best compared to others, but the best that you can.


    Cristitian Tissier, 7. DAN

taijutsu*martial art that uses bare hands.


Aikido consists of a number of techniques using the principles of this martial art to divert, neutralize or control the attacker. The same aikido technique can be performed in the form of wide movement as well as in the quick, brief and efficient way.

All aikido techniques can be performed in three levels; the first level, when both partners are on their knees - in suwari wasa, the second level, with one partner in standing position and the other in the kneeling position – hanmihantachi wasa, and the third level, when both partners are in the standing position - tachi wasa. The first two ways of performing aikido techniques are considered as the best ways to practise. The technique performed once insuwari wasa or hanmihantachi wasa is worth the same as the 100 times repeated technique in tachi wasa.

Techniques demonstrated by: Radivoje Janković :: Assistants: Marija Milosavljević i Stefan Marković
Techniques demonstrated by: Radivoje Janković
Assistants: Marija Milosavljević i S. Marković
Techniques demonstrated by: Alen Mihajlović :: Assistants: Stefan Marković
Techniques demonstrated by: Alen Mihajlović
Assistants: Stefan Marković


 
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